The Ancient Greek Language - An In-depth Study | LanguageBard

The Ancient Greek Language - An In-depth Study | LanguageBard

The Ancient Greek language, which was spoken in Greece between the 9th or 8th–6th centuries BC, is a language filled with history and depth. A language that had a significant influence on modern languages, especially English, through the establishment of new scientific and technical vocabulary.

What are the different types of Ancient Greek Languages?

Ancient Greek comprises different dialects such as Mycenaean Greek, the language of the Mycenaean civilization. Other dialects include Aeolic, Arcadocypriot, Doric, Ionic, and Attic. Much of the Ancient Greek literature survived in Attic Greek. The New Testament of the Christian Bible, the document of Ancient Greek religion, was written in Koine Greek, a later form of the language.

How important is Ancient Greek in Historical Texts?

The importance of Ancient Greek in historical texts is incontrovertible. It was the language of Homer's epic poems, Herodotus' history, the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, and many significant works in mathematics, science and other fields. It’s the wellspring from which some of the most critical texts of Western civilization sprung, many of which are still taught, read, and respected today.

How Has Ancient Greek Influenced Modern Languages?

Ancient Greek's influence on modern languages is vast and profound. It heavily influenced the Latin and subsequently the Romance languages. In contemporary English, a substantial amount of our vocabulary comes directly or indirectly from Ancient Greek. Many technical and scientific terms have Greek roots, and it's estimated that almost 6% of English words are derived from the Greek language.

Greek words found in English usually have undergone changes over time, but they retain their basic shape and meaning. Some examples include "philosophy" (love of wisdom), "democracy" (rule by the people), "chronology" (science of time), and "rhetoric" (the art of persuasive speaking or writing).

What’s The Structure of Ancient Greek?

Ancient Greek grammar is highly complex, featuring many forms, cases, and tenses that are no longer in use in many modern languages.

Nouns in Ancient Greek have three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter), three numbers (singular, dual, and plural), and five cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative).

The Ancient Greek verb system is also intricate. There are various tenses (present, imperfect, future, perfect, pluperfect, future perfect) in the indicative mood, and three voices (active, middle, passive).

Overall, the structuring of the Ancient Greek language presents a rich tapestry for the understanding of how languages can evolve and change over time.

Did Ancient Greek Have Its Own Writing System?

Indeed, Ancient Greek has its own unique writing system — a script known today as the Greek Alphabet. The Greeks borrowed the script from the Phoenician alphabet and made their renovations — they added vowels, changed some letters, and altered the shape of others.

The Greek Alphabet has continued to be used throughout the years, with modern Greek still using it. It’s also prevalent in the sciences where Greek letters are used to denote various constants and variables.

How does Knowing Ancient Greek Benefit Modern Scholars?

Knowing Ancient Greek continues to be of high value to modern scholars. Many ancient texts remain untranslated, and understanding Ancient Greek can unlock these unexplored troves of knowledge.

Ancient Greek language study allows for a deeper understanding of the literature, philosophy, history, and sciences of Classical antiquity — informing our understanding of the roots of Western culture.

You can appreciate philosophical discourses, dramas, speeches, and historical narratives in their original language, which often can reveal more nuanced meanings that get missed or distorted in translation.


The Ancient Greek language is not just a relic of the past; it's a vital key to unlocking many of the mysteries and wisdom of our early civilization. Its influences resonate in our modern languages and sciences, rendering Ancient Greek a fascinating subject to delve into.

Whether you're a budding linguist, a historian, a literature enthusiast, or even a scientist, learning about the Ancient Greek Language can offer you insights into many intriguing aspects of our linguistic heritage and the evolution of Western civilization.

Proceed to Lesson 1